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Parbhi Diwali


Pathare Prabhus have been famous for celebrating their festivals with pomp and gaiety. One of the most important festivals of the Pathare Prabhu Community is Diwali. The diwali of the Pathare Prabhus does not merely last for four days but begins eight days before Diwali on Aathvinda...
It falls on Kaalaa Ashtami i.e. the eighth day of the Krishna paksha of the Ashwin month of the Hindu calendar. It begins eight days before actual diwali (Narak Chaturdashi). From this day onwards we start drawing Rangolis. Each day in Diwali has a specific Rangoli associated with it (list given below). On this day 'Aasnya' is drawn. We start preparing the Diwali 'sukadi' ( sweets and other snacks). On this day we start by preparing the Guroli (sweet puri).
Vasubaaras falls on the fifth day after Aathvinda. Many ladies observe a fast on this day and consume only hand processed food. On this day 'Paach Devlya' is drawn.
Dhanteras falls on the day after Vasubaaras (depending on the Hindu Calendar). On this day 'Naangrya' is drawn. In the evening, we perform dhana (Coins of all types) puja. The prasada (offering) for the puja is dhana-gul (coriander and jaggery). A diva made from rice flour called 'Yumdiva' is lit and kept over the Naangrya. Lanterns (Akash Kandil) are hung outside the houses.
Narak Chaturdashi ( Kaali Chaudas)
This is the first day of Diwali. On this day people get up at dawn. Then 'Abhyanga Snaan' (Holy Bath) is performed. This bath is called 'Pahili Aanghol' (First bath). The Abhyanga Snaan is performed in the following manner. Firstly the members of the family sit down on a 'paat' (flat stool) which is placed on a simple rangoli. Utna (scented herbal powder) is applied to the body of the person and  coconut milk is applied on the person's hair. When the person is bathing outside the house fire-crackers are burst. During the bath a 'Daatwan' is chewed and thrown. A 'Chiroti' is then crushed with the thumb of the left leg. New cloths are worn. Pathare Prabhu men were a 'Sadra and Lengaa'. The eldest lady in the family performs an aarti of all the members of the family. Before entering the house after the 'aarti' the legs are warmed over a small lamp made from rice flour known as 'Kodi'. It is believed that "warming the legs over the kodi is a symbol cleansing yourself after coming from the Naraksura's (demon) funeral". On this day the 'Ravoli' rangoli is drawn in the morning and a rangoli of an 'Aarti' is drawn in the evening.
Note: since the funeral rites are performed outside the house, the bath is taken outside the house.
This is the ninth day after Aathvinda. Except for 'Shri Satyanarayan Puja' no other auspicious activity is performed on this day. Yet like the previous day an 'Abhyanga Snaan' and all other activities are performed  but a bit later. The rangoli of the day is 'Dhut Paat'. The business community performs celebrates this day by performing 'Lakshmi Pujan' or 'Vahi Pujan' (Puja of account books). At a pre determined time (muhurta) a puja of the account books for next financial year which will commence on the following  day.
The point of view of the Pathare Prabhu community is different from the businessmen point of view in that they consider this day to be a day of mirth and enjoyment during diwali. On this day 'Dhandive' are lit. The stem of a cactus (Nivdunga) is cut into sixteen small pieces and are scooped till a small amount of oil can be filled into them. These are also known as Jaavai. These Dhandive are arranged on a silver paat (baajwat) and are lit at twilight. A puja with coconut, banana, betel leaf ,betel nut and sweet ladoo is performed. After the puja this baajwat is kept on a simple rangoli in the front porch. After this fireworks are burst. Once the baajwat has been kept on the front porch, a servant from each house picks up one or two dhandive and keeps them in front porch of their neighbours house. If caught by the servant of the neighbours home, water is thrown on the servant carrying the dhandive. This servant tries not to get wet. After this activity subsides a long string of firecrackers ('coat') is arranged. This includes various types of firecrackers and scents. At one end a heap of firecrackers is placed and then a fort made of paper is kept on it. Hence the name 'Coat'. The Coat is lit from the other end. In this way this night is celebrated. 
Balipratipada (Kartik Pratipada)
This day is also known as Padwaa. This day marks the new year for the business world. This is one of the three and half muhurta of the Hindu calendar. On this day people get up before dawn (approx 3a.m.). The entire house is swept and waste is collected in a basket which is to be thrown. Coins are kept in the basket and it is placed in the front porch on a simple rangoli. A servant takes this basket around the house. At that time a second servant hammering a 'supade' the chants the following saying,

Ida Pida Javo

Baliche Rajya Yevo

Hammering the supade is a symbol of removing the poverty from the house. This basket is placed on a crossroad near the house and the coins are taken by the servant. Throughout  this process the servant is not supposed to look back. Once the servant returns and takes a bath Abhyanga Snaan is performed by the family members. During this period Muslim hawkers sell salt shouting 'Diwalinaa Sagan' which is brought by the family members to be mixed in the house hold salt. On this day too feet are warmed over the Kodi and an aarti of the family members is performed. 
On this people wear new clothes.  Then the preparation of the Bali puja is done. A simple rangoli of an aarti is drawn and a silver baajwat is placed on it. Sixteen lamps are placed on the baajwat. A idol of Bali raja is placed in the center of the baajwat. The idol of Bali raja faces either the rising sun or the front porch of the house. Coconut, Betel nut, Betel leaf, banana and sweet ladoo is placed in front  of the baajwat. Puja of the Bali raja is performed. Fire crackers are burst and a 'Deepmala' is lit. After sunrise the baajwat is lifted and placed in the place of regular worship. In the morning and evening, an aarti of all the gentlemen is performed.
The menu for the day is Keshri Bhaat and also includes  'Chutniche Sarange'. People pay a goodwill visit to their friends and relatives.
On this day sisters perform an aarti of their brother and get a gift in return. While performing aarti the sister also gives the brother sweets. If the brother is married then an  aarti of the sister-in-law is also performed. 
Tulsiche Lagna
On the day after Kartiki Maha-ekadashi Tulsiche lagna (marriage) is performed. A pot containing the tulsi plant is decorated. An idol of Shri Krishna is taken as the groom and the marriage is performed. This marriage can be performed on any day up till Tripuri Purnima. These days are also known as 'Dev Diwali' (diwali of the Gods). 

Sau Meghana P. Rane, Mr. Tejas P. Rane

                          & Mr. Amit P. Kotharé

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Narak Chaturdashi (Kaali Chaudas)


Balipratipada (Kartik Pratipada)


Tulsiche Lagna

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